Literary Assessments

Explanation of the NC Literacy Assessment Scores



Letter Naming Fluency

Students are presented with a page of capital and lowercase letters arranged in random order and are asked to name as many letters as they can. Mastery level at the end of the year is 40 letters in a minute.


First Sound Fluency

 The student is asked to orally produce the beginning sound of a word that is orally presented by the teacher. The benchmark goal is 25 to 35 initial sounds correct by the middle of kindergarten.


Phoneme Segmentation Fluency

The teacher orally presents a word that has 3-4 phonemes (sounds) and the student must orally produce each sound in the word.  Mastery level at the end of the year is 35 sounds in a minute.


Nonsense Word Fluency

The student is presented a group of vowel-consonant words (VC) or consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words and are asked to verbally produce the individual letter sound of each letter, or read the word.  Students will have one minute to produce sounds and mastery level for the end of the year is 25 sounds.



Students are orally presented 5 words that they must produce a rhyming word.


Phoneme Segmentation

Teacher orally presents words that the student must sound out and say how many sounds are in the word.


Final Phoneme Identification

Students are orally presented a word and then are asked to identify which word has the same ending sound as the first word presented.



The writing assessment is given 3 times a year.  The teacher chooses the topic in August and January.  Wayne County gives the final topic in May.  Students are expected to write at least 3 sentences, using proper capitalization and punctuation, and draw a picture that supports the story.  A score of 3 at the end of the year is considered on grade level.



Running Record

During the Running Record, the child reads leveled books until a 90% accuracy level is found, which is the student’s instructional level.  Levels range from a 1-2 to a level 33-34.  As the student reads, the teacher records any errors made and checks correct responses.  Recording errors helps the teacher assess students decoding skills.  Kindergarten students that are reading a level 7-8 book are considered on grade level.  Students that are reading will be assessed in January, and all students will be assessed in May.

Instructional Reading Levels by Grade

Kindergarten           Levels 1-8       Level 7/8 end      

First Grade               Levels 1-18     Level 9/10 mid-year   Level 17/18 end

Second Grade       Levels 19-24

Third Grade             Levels 25-34



Oral Retelling

Once the instructional level is determined, the student retells the contents of the book.  Students are given a score of 1-4 based on giving details based on the following: setting, characters, plot, problem, solution, author’s purpose, and personal connection.  A score of 3 at the end of the year indicates the child is on level.


Writing About Reading

After the teacher has read a story to the student, he/she will draw a picture that tells about the story.  The student is also asked to write about his/her picture.  A score of 3 at the end of the year indicates the child is on level.


High Frequency Word List

Students are presented a list of 25 words to read.


Book and Print Awareness Checklist

This assessment tests the student’s knowledge of books, print, and early reading behaviors.  There are 20 questions and mastery is 17-18 correct.

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